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 Who is this guide for? 

The Road Map to Community Resilience v2 - operationalizing the Framework for Community Resilience (FCR) through the Enhanced Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment, or R2R via EVCA - is for National Society staff and volunteers, the IFRC and its operational partners, who want to help communities become safer and stronger. 

 What is this guide for? 

The Road Map to Community Resilience via EVCA provides step‑by‑step guidance on how to operationalize the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies’ Framework for Community Resilience using the EVCA process. It will help you accompany communities through an assessment and analysis of the risks they face, and enable and motivate them to implement actions to reduce these risks. It provides practical guidance on how to coordinate and mobilize support for this process starting with coordination within your National Society or branch, connecting communities to stakeholders and capturing success and lessons on how communities can become more resilient in the face of hazards and threats.

 What is in this guide? 


The R2R v2 includes an introduction and four sections that describe the main stages of your journey to strengthening community resilience (see Map Overview).

  •  Orientation  explains what is different about resilience when compared to other types of programming goals, and why resilience is relevant to communities in all contexts, as well as to National Society and IFRC staff and volunteers.

  •  Stage 1 : Engage and connect explains how to involve all sectors of your National Society in resilience‑building, how to engage communities, and how to link communities to other actors. It also provides advice on which communities to work with, and how to help them define and establish internal roles and responsibilities during the stages that follow.

  •  Stage 2 : Understand risk and resilience uses the EVCA and explains how to guide communities when they identify and assess hazards or threats, exposure, vulnerability and capacity, and measure their risk and resilience.

  •  Stage 3 : Take action to strengthen resilience explains how to accompany communities to develop and implement a risk‑informed community action plan, connecting them to other stakeholders as pertinent.

  •  Stage 4 : Learn explains how to guide communities as they track their progress, learn from good practices and mistakes, and adapt their plans accordingly.

  •  Reference sheets  provide more detail, to keep the main text concise. EVCA toolbox materials are also included. While designed to assist readers less familiar with resilience‑building, they also provide more detailed techniques, glossaries and games. Reference Sheet A is a reading list.

Each stage of the Road Map to Community Resilience journey includes:


to aim for and to gauge progress


that should be taken to reach the milestones

Tips and examples

to ground the guidance and share learning

Travel log

providing a checklist, often differentiated between a community‑led

and a more strongly accompanied process


to guide your approach. These are described in the Orientation section


As you use the R2R v2, remember that every community is unique: in each case, you will need to adapt the path you guide the community on. 

Contextualize this guidance document to your setting (depending on whether you are focused on developed or less‑ developed contexts; urban, peri‑urban or rural areas; settled or migrant communities, etc.), taking into account sociopolitical, environmental and economic factors that affect how people think and behave. Each journey will be different, reflecting a community’s identity, the length of time you work with it, when you work with it, where it is located, and the diverse individuals who are its members, and each community’s partners and connections.

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 What is different about this version and   how does it relate to the EVCA? 


This document, version 2 of the R2R, features changes based on learning from applying the R2R since 2017. The key changes include moving from 6 characteristics to 11 dimensions of resilience, using simpler language, and adding a climate smart landmark (Landmarks indicate key elements of our approach, and include: risk‑informed, holistic, demand‑driven, people‑centred and inclusive, climate smart and environmentally sustainable).

A fundamental change is the integration of the Enhanced Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (EVCA) into the Road Map to Community Resilience (R2R). For the first time in this document, the two processes have been aligned, combining the EVCA experience with R2R’s community‑driven process and the three RCRC services: accompanying, enabling and connecting.

This important integration aims to provide National Societies and volunteers with one general pathway to support communities in strengthening their resilience. Stage 2 describes the enhanced VCA process and suggests some ways to strengthen communities’ agency when context and volunteer skills allow. 

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Road Map to Community Resilience

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